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Social networks, leisure activities and maximum tongue pressure: cross-sectional associations in the Nagasaki Islands Study


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タイトル: Social networks, leisure activities and maximum tongue pressure: cross-sectional associations in the Nagasaki Islands Study
著者: Nagayoshi, Mako / Higashi, Miho / Takamura, Noboru / Tamai, Mami / Koyamatsu, Jun / Yamanashi, Hirotomo / Kadota, Koichiro / Sato, Shimpei / Kawashiri, Shin-ya / Koyama, Zenya / Saito, Toshiyuki / Maeda, Takahiro
発行日: 2017年12月 6日
出版者: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.
引用: BMJ open, 7(12), e014878; 2017
抄録: OUTCOME MEASURES: Tongue pressure was measured three times, and the maximum tongue pressure was used for analysis. A multivariable adjusted regression model was used to calculate parameter estimates (B) for tongue pressure. RESULTS: Having a social network involving neighbours (B=2.43, P=0.0001) and taking part in leisure activities (B=1.58, P=0.005) were independently associated with higher tongue pressure, but there was no link with social networks beyond neighbours (B=0.23, P=0.77). Sex-specific analyses showed that for men, having a partner was associated with higher tongue pressure, independent of the number of people in the household (B=2.26, P=0.01), but there was no association among women (B=-0.24, P=0.72; P-interaction=0.059). CONCLUSIONS: Having a social network involving neighbours and taking part in leisure activities were independently associated with higher tongue pressure. Marital status may be an important factor in higher tongue pressure in men. OBJECTIVES: Social environment is often associated with health outcomes, but epidemiological evidence for its effect on oral frailty, a potential risk factor for aspiration, is sparse. This study aimed to assess the association between social environment and tongue pressure, as an important measure of oral function. The study focused on family structure, social networks both with and beyond neighbours, and participation in leisure activities. DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Annual health check-ups in a rural community in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1982 participants, all over 40 years old. Anyone with missing data for the main outcome (n=14) was excluded.
キーワード: epidemiology / family arrangement / marital status / oral frailty / social environment / social network
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/38491
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014878
権利: © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.
資料タイプ: Journal Article
原稿種類: publisher
出現コレクション:110 学術雑誌論文

引用URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/38491

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