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Dietary supplementation with alkylresorcinols prevents muscle atrophy through a shift of energy supply

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タイトル: Dietary supplementation with alkylresorcinols prevents muscle atrophy through a shift of energy supply
著者: Hiramoto, Shigeru / Yahata, Nobuhiro / Saitoh, Kanae / Yoshimura, Tomohiro / Wang, Yao / Taniyama, Shigeto / Nikawa, Takeshi / Tachibana, Katsuyasu / Hirasaka, Katsuya
発行日: 2018年11月
出版者: Elsevier Inc.
引用: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 61, pp.147-154; 2018
抄録: It has been reported that phytoextracts that contain alkylresorcinols (ARs) protect against severe myofibrillar degeneration found in isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction. In this study, we examined the effect of dietary ARs derived from wheat bran extracts on muscle atrophy in denervated mice. The mice were divided into the following four groups: (1) sham-operated (control) mice fed with normal diet (S-ND), (2) denervated mice fed with normal diet (D-ND), (3) control mice fed with ARs-supplemented diet (S-AR) and (4) denervated mice fed with ARs-supplemented diet (D-AR). The intake of ARs prevented the denervation-induced reduction of the weight of the hind limb muscles and the myofiber size. However, the expression of ubiquitin ligases and autophagy-related genes, which is associated with muscle proteolysis, was slightly higher in D-AR than in D-ND. Moreover, the abundance of the autophagy marker p62 was significantly higher in D-AR than in D-ND. Muscle atrophy has been known to be associated with a disturbed energy metabolism. The expression of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4 (PDK4), which is related to fatty acid metabolism, was decreased in D-ND as compared with that in S-ND. In contrast, dietary supplementation with ARs inhibited the decrease of PDK4 expression caused by denervation. Furthermore, the abnormal expression pattern of genes related to the abundance of lipid droplets-coated proteins that was induced by denervation was improved by ARs. These results raise the possibility that dietary supplementation with ARs modifies the disruption of fatty acid metabolism induced by lipid autophagy, resulting in the prevention of muscle atrophy.
キーワード: Alkylresorcinols / Fatty acid metabolism / Lipid autophagy / Muscle atrophy / Phenolic compounds
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/38626
ISSN: 09552863
DOI: 10.1016/j.jnutbio.2018.08.014
権利: © 2018 Elsevier Inc. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
資料タイプ: Journal Article
原稿種類: author
出現コレクション:080 学術雑誌論文

引用URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/38626



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