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An Ancient Skeleton with Multiple Osteoblastic Bone Lesions Containing a Scapular Sunburst Appearance from a 5th–6th Century Grave Excavated in Oita, Japan


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Title: An Ancient Skeleton with Multiple Osteoblastic Bone Lesions Containing a Scapular Sunburst Appearance from a 5th–6th Century Grave Excavated in Oita, Japan
Authors: Tsurumoto, Toshiyuki / Wakebe, Tetsuaki / Ogami-Takamura, Keiko / Okamoto, Keishi / Tashiro, Kazunori / Saiki, Kazunobu
Issue Date: 6-Sep-2018
Publisher: Hindawi Limited
Citation: BioMed Research International, 2018, art.no.1659510; 2018
Abstract: A human skeleton of a middle-aged adult male was found in a 5th-6th century Kinoue-Kodo stone coffin excavated from the southwest marginal region of the Oita plains, northeast Kyushu, Japan. The skeleton was buried respectfully in the ancient tomb, and red pigment was applied to his face after death. We report herein findings from computed tomography imaging of the skeleton and discuss the multiple osteoblastic lesions identified in the humerus, scapula, clavicle, vertebra, pelvic bones, and skull of this individual. These lesions comprised cortical bone thickening with periosteal reaction localized to the surface and osteosclerotic changes mainly observed in the trabecular structure of cancellous bone. In particular, a typical sunburst pattern was also noted on the left scapula as another characteristic lesion found in this case. By differential diagnosis, the disease suffered by this individual was most likely to be metastatic bone tumors, especially of prostate cancer. This person may have survived until many bone metastases had developed throughout his whole body.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/38630
ISSN: 23146133
DOI: 10.1155/2018/1659510
Rights: ©2018 Toshiyuki Tsurumoto et al. All Hindawi journals are published Open Access. This means all articles are immediately available free-of-charge upon publication. Articles in Hindawi journals can be downloaded, shared, and reused without restriction, as long as the original authors are properly cited.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/38630

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