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Effect of perioperative oral management on the prevention of surgical site infection after colorectal cancer surgery: A multicenter retrospective analysis of 698 patients via analysis of covariance using propensity score


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タイトル: Effect of perioperative oral management on the prevention of surgical site infection after colorectal cancer surgery: A multicenter retrospective analysis of 698 patients via analysis of covariance using propensity score
著者: Nobuhara, Hiroshi / Yanamoto, Souichi / Funahara, Madoka / Matsugu, Yasuhiro / Hayashida, Saki / Soutome, Sakiko / Kawakita, Akiko / Ikeda, Satoshi / Itamoto, Toshiyuki / Umeda, Masahiro
発行日: 2018年10月 1日
出版者: Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.
引用: Medicine, 97(40), e12545; 2018
抄録: Surgical site infection (SSI) is 1 of the frequent postoperative complications after colorectal cancer surgery. Oral health care has been reported to reduce the risk of SSI or postoperative pneumonia in oral, esophageal, and lung cancer surgeries. The purpose of the study was to investigate the preventive effect of perioperative oral management on the development of SSI after a major colorectal cancer surgery.The medical records of 698 patients who underwent colorectal cancer surgery at 2 hospitals in Japan were reviewed. Among these patients, 563 patients received perioperative oral management (oral management group) and 135 did not (control group). Various demographic, cancer-related, and treatment-related variables including perioperative oral management intervention and the occurrence of SSI were investigated. The relationship between each variable and the occurrence of SSI was examined via univariate and multivariate analyses using Fisher exact test, 1-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and logistic regression. The occurrence of SSI in the 2 groups was evaluated via logistic regression using propensity score as a covariate. The difference in mean postoperative hospital stay between the oral management and control groups was analyzed using Student's t test.SSI occurred in 68 (9.7%) of the 698 patients. Multivariate analysis showed that operation time, blood loss, and perioperative oral management were significantly correlated with the development of SSI. However, after the propensity score analysis, not receiving perioperative oral management also became a significant risk factor for SSI. The odds ratio of the oral management group was 0.484 (P = .014; 95% confidence interval: 0.272-0.862). Mean postoperative hospital stay was significantly shorter in the oral management group than in the control group.Perioperative oral management reduces the risk of SSI after colorectal cancer surgery and shortens postoperative hospital stay.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/38675
ISSN: 00257974
DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000012545
権利: Copyright © 2018 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License 4.0 (CCBY-NC), where it ispermissible to download, share, remix, transform, and buildup the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be used commercially without permission from the journal.
資料タイプ: Journal Article
原稿種類: publisher
出現コレクション:130 学術雑誌論文

引用URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/38675

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