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Anomalous plasma temperature at supercritical phase of pressurized CO2 after pulsed breakdown followed by large short-circuit current


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Title: Anomalous plasma temperature at supercritical phase of pressurized CO2 after pulsed breakdown followed by large short-circuit current
Authors: Furusato, Tomohiro / Ashizuka, Naokazu / Kamagahara, Takeshi / Matsuda, Yoshinobu / Yamashita, Takahiko / Sasaki, Mitsuru / Kiyan, Tsuyoshi / Inada, Yuki
Issue Date: 8-Oct-2018
Publisher: IEEE
Citation: IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, 25(5), pp.1807-1813; 2018
Abstract: The relation between breakdown characteristics and plasma temperature of a pulsed arc discharge in highly pressurized CO2 was investigated up to a supercritical phase. A transient arc discharge was generated by applying nanosecond pulsed voltage with a rising rate of 0.7 kV/ns to a point-to-plane gap of 1 mm. The breakdown voltage, arc current, and consumption energy increased with the CO2 density in the gas phase. However, they were constant at the CO2 densities in the supercritical phase. The plasma temperature determined from the blackbody radiation ranged from 8000 to 12000 K and its dependence with respect to the CO2 density was all similar to the breakdown voltage, arc current, and consumption energy characteristics except under the critical density of CO2 (469 kg/m3). Although the breakdown voltage, arc current, and consumption energy in supercritical phase were also constant against the CO2 density, the plasma temperature demonstrated a local decrease around the critical density. The anomaly of the plasma temperature is consistent with the calculated result of the isochoric specific heat of CO2 which has a local maximum around the critical density.
Keywords: breakdown / optical emission spectroscopy / pulsed arc discharge / pulsed power / supercritical fluids
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/38692
ISSN: 10709878
DOI: 10.1109/TDEI.2018.007213
Rights: ©2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: author
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/38692

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