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Serum levels of fibroblast growth factor-2 distinguish Takayasu arteritis from giant cell arteritis independent of age at diagnosis


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Title: Serum levels of fibroblast growth factor-2 distinguish Takayasu arteritis from giant cell arteritis independent of age at diagnosis
Authors: Fukui, Shoichi / Kuwahara-Takaki, Ayako / Ono, Nobuyuki / Sato, Shuntaro / Koga, Tomohiro / Kawashiri, Shin-ya / Iwanaga, Nozomi / Iwamoto, Naoki / Ichinose, Kunihiro / Tamai, Mami / Nakamura, Hideki / Origuchi, Tomoki / Migita, Kiyoshi / Arinobu, Yojiro / Niiro, Hiroaki / Tada, Yoshifumi / Akashi, Koichi / Maeda, Takahiro / Kawakami, Atsushi
Issue Date: 24-Jan-2019
Publisher: Springer Nature Limited
Citation: Scientific Reports, 9(1), art.no.688; 2019
Abstract: Takayasu arteritis (TAK) and giant cell arteritis (GCA) are two major variants of large vessel vasculitis, and age is a major factor in their differential diagnosis. We sought to determine whether the two diseases exist on the same spectrum. We compared the serum levels of multiple cytokines and chemokines in 25 patients with TAK, 20 patients with GCA, and sex- and age-matched healthy donors for either condition (HD-TAK and HD-GCA). To evaluate the effects of age on the levels of cytokines and chemokines, we performed multiple logistic regression analysis using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) method. The levels of IL-1RA, IL-10, GM-CSF, G-CSF, FGF-2, eotaxin, and IP-10 were significantly different between TAK and GCA, but no differences were found in the levels of IL-6, IL-12(p40), IL-17, IFN-γ, and TNF-α. Significant differences in the levels of IL-1RA, IL-10, GM-CSF, eotaxin,and IP-10 were observed between the HD-TAK and HD-GCA groups. Multiple logistic regression analysis demonstrated that only FGF-2 and IP-10 could significantly distinguish the diseases when added to age. Multiple logistic analysis using factors selected by the LASSO method revealed that FGF-2 was the only significant factor to distinguish the diseases when added to age. Among numerous cytokines and chemokines analyzed, only FGF-2 could be used together with age at diagnosis to differentiate TAK and GCA.Our results suggested the importance of considering the effects of age on serum cytokines.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/38815
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-36825-y
Rights: © 2019, The Author(s). This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format,as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material.If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/38815

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