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Title: ザンジバルにおける日本製タイルの流通と利用―タイル考古学的アプローチ―
Other Titles: Archaeological Study of Japanese Tiles in Zanzibar of Tanzania
Authors: 増田, 研 / 深井, 明比古
Authors (alternative): Masuda, Ken / Fukai, Akihiko
Issue Date: 18-Mar-2019
Publisher: 長崎大学多文化社会学部 / School of Global Humanities and Social Sciences, Nagasaki University
Citation: 多文化社会研究, 5, pp.29-53; 2019
Abstract: 日本と東アフリカのあいだのヒト、モノ、情報の交流は、いわゆる「日本-アフリカ交流史」として1960年代から少しずつその実態が明らかにされてきた。なかでも近代の人的交流については多くのことが判明しており、九州北部地域出身の人々がすでに明治時代から東アフリカに居住していたことが分かっている。本研究は日本-アフリカ交流史の探求 において手薄であった「モノの交流」を明らかにする取り組みの一環として、日本製タイルの流通に着目するものである。筆者らは2017年から2018年にかけてタンザニアのウングジャ島(ザンジバル)にて日本製タイルが墓地やホテルにおいて使用され、かつ、骨董品として流通している状況を確認し記録した。こうした日本製タイルの多くは大正時代から 昭和初期にかけて淡路島や名古屋、岐阜で生産されたものである。本論文ではそうしたタイルの「身元」を、考古学的手法を用いて同定し、その使用実態を記述することを通して、20世紀前半に日本製タイルが東アフリカにまで流通していたことを主張する。 / This article discovers that made-in-Japan decorative tiles (majolica tiles) were distributed and utilized as construction and furniture materials before WWII in Stonetown of Zanzibar, Tanzania. Historical interaction of people, goods and information between Japan and Africa has been described since 1960s, however, there are few studies on trading of industrial products beyond the Indian and Pacific oceans, between African Continent and Asia. Research at two curio-shops suggests possibility of Japanese tiles were used in the town between 1920s and 1940s. Old Japanese tiles are found re-used as decoration of hotel walls and assembly parts of (Indian-) British style furniture nowadays. Broken pieces of tile among construction rubble on the seashore of the town include majolica And archaeological research at two cemeteries proves the fact that tiles produced by Japanese tile manufactures - Danto Kaisha in Awaji-shima, Sato Tile Works in Gifu, Saji Tile Works, Fujimiyaki Tile Works, Tsukiboshi Kentosha (M.S Tile Works) and Yamada Tile Works in Nagoya- covered wall of graves. One example is a tomb of a Sultan family member; the tomb had used 142 tiles, for decorating walls. Six types of tiles were adopted, most of which are confirmed as those produced by Sato Tile company by archaeological research methods. Authors are convinced that Japanese majolica tiles were imported for decorating constructions in Stonetown of Zanzibar in 1920s at the earliest, even though those are mostly removed during the second half of 20th century.
Keywords: マジョリカタイル / 日本―アフリカ交流史 / ザンジバル / 考古学 / 物質文化 / Ceramic Tile / Japan-Africa Relation / Zanzibar / Archaeology / Material Culture
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/38905
ISSN: 21891486
Type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Volume 5

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/38905

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