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Blood carnitine profiling on tandem mass spectrometry in liver cirrhotic patients


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Title: Blood carnitine profiling on tandem mass spectrometry in liver cirrhotic patients
Authors: Miyaaki, Hisamitsu / Kobayashi, Hironori / Miuma, Satoshi / Fukusima, Masanori / Sasaki, Ryu / Haraguchi, Masafumi / Nakao, Kazuhiko
Issue Date: 19-Feb-2020
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Citation: BMC gastroenterology, 20(1), art.no.41; 2020
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The level and profiles of blood free carnitine and acylcarnitines, obtained by acylcarnitine analysis using tandem mass spectrometry, reflect various metabolic conditions. We aimed to examine the level of free carnitine and acylcarnitines in liver cirrhosis patients by acylcarnitine analysis and determine the clinical and subjective factors associated with blood carnitine fraction levels in liver cirrhosis. METHODS: We compared blood carnitine fractions in 54 liver cirrhotic patients to other laboratory test results and questionnaire answers. RESULTS: In almost all patients, the blood levels of free carnitine (C0) and acetylcarnitine (C2) were within the normal reference range. However, in some patients, the levels of long-chain acylcarnitines, such as C16 and C18:1-acylcarnitine, were higher than the normal reference range. Liver function, assessed by Child-Pugh score, was significantly correlated with the blood level of each carnitine fraction measured (C0, C2, C3, C4, C6, C10, C12, C12:1, C14:1, C16, C18:1, and C18:2-acylcarnitine). Cirrhotic symptom score was significantly correlated with C0, C2, C3, C16, and C18-1-acylcarnitine blood levels. Among the 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36) items, the physical component summary was significantly associated with C0, C2, and C18-1-acylcarnitine blood levels. CONCLUSIONS: Carnitine fraction levels were positively correlated with liver cirrhosis stage, particularly, long-chain acylcarnitines. Moreover, carnitine fraction levels were associated with various subjective physical symptoms in liver cirrhosis patients.
Keywords: Acylcarnitine / Carnitine fraction / Liver cirrhosis / Tandem mass spectrometry
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/39704
DOI: 10.1186/s12876-020-01190-6
Rights: © The Author(s). 2020 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waive (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/39704

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