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Study on prevention of hypercapnia by Nasal High Flow in patients with endoscopic submucosal dissection during intravenous anesthesia

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Title: Study on prevention of hypercapnia by Nasal High Flow in patients with endoscopic submucosal dissection during intravenous anesthesia
Authors: Ayuse, Takao / Yamguchi, Naoyuki / Hashiguchi, Keiichi / Sanuki, Takuro / Mishima, Gaku / Kurata, Shinji / Hosogaya, Naoki / Nakashima, Sawako / Pinkham, Max / Tatkov, Stanislav / Nakao, Kazuhiko
Issue Date: 1-May-2020
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.
Citation: Medicine, 99(19), art.no.e20038; 2020
Abstract: BACKGROUND: For relatively invasive upper gastrointestinal endoscopy procedures, such as an endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), intravenous anesthesia is routinely used to reduce patient anxiety. However, with the use of intravenous sedation, even at mild to moderate depth of anesthesia, there is always a risk of upper airway obstruction due to a relaxation of the upper airway muscles.With the advent of Nasal High Flow (NHF) devices that allow humidified high flow air through the nasal cavity, can be used as a respiratory management method in the context of anesthesia. AIRVO is commonly used for patients with obstructive sleep apnea and other respiratory disorders. This device uses a mild positive pressure load (several cmH2O) that improves carbon dioxide (CO2) washout and reduces rebreathing to improve respiratory function and therefore is widely used to prevent hypoxemia and hypercapnia.This study aims to maintain upper airway patency by applying NHF with air (AIRVO) as a respiratory management method during intravenous anesthesia for patients undergoing an ESD. In addition, this study investigates whether the use of an NHF device in this context can prevent intraoperative hypercapnia and hypoxemia. METHODS/DESIGN: This study design employed 2 groups of subjects. Both received intravenous anesthesia while undergoing an ESD, and 1 group also used a concurrent nasal cannula NHF device. Here we examine if the use of an NHF device during intravenous anesthesia can prevent hypoxemia and hypercapnia, which could translate to improved anesthesia management.Efficacy endpoints were assessed using a transcutaneous CO2 monitor. This device measured the changes in CO2 concentration during treatment. Transcutaneous CO2 (PtcCO2) concentrations of 60 mmHg or more (PaCO2 > 55 mmHg) were considered marked hypercapnia. PtcCO2 concentrations of 50 to 60 mmHg or more (equivalent to PaCO2 > 45 mmHg) were considered moderate hypercapnia.Furthermore, the incidence of hypoxemia with a transcutaneous oxygen saturation value of 90% or less, and whether the use of NHF was effective in preventing this adverse clinical event were evaluated. DISCUSSION: The purpose of this study was to obtain evidence for the utility of NHF as a potential therapeutic device for patients undergoing an ESD under anesthesia, assessed by determining if the incidence rates of hypercapnia and hypoxemia decreased in the NHF device group, compared to the control group that did not use of this device. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was registered the jRCTs 072190022.URLhttps://jrct.niph.go.jp/en-latest-detail/jRCTs072190022.
Keywords: hypercapnia / intravenous sedation / nasal High Flow
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/40006
ISSN: 00257974 / 15365964
DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000020038
Rights: © 2020 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CCBY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/40006

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