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Dimorphic flowers modify the visitation order of pollinators from male to female flowers


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Title: Dimorphic flowers modify the visitation order of pollinators from male to female flowers
Authors: Tsuji, Kaoru / Kobayashi, Kazuya / Hasegawa, Eisuke / Yoshimura, Jin
Issue Date: 19-Jun-2020
Publisher: Springer Nature
Citation: Scientific Reports, 10(1), art.no.9965; 2020
Abstract: Sexual dimorphism is a pervasive form of variation within species. Understanding how and why sexual dimorphism evolves would contribute to elucidating the mechanisms underlying the diversification of traits. In flowering plants, pollinators are considered a driver of sexual dimorphism when they affect female and male plant fitness in distinct ways. Here, we found that flowers appear to manipulate the behavior of pollinators using sexually dimorphic traits in the dioecious tree Eurya japonica. In this plant, female flowers present a higher-quality reward for pollinators, whereas male flowers have a more conspicuous appearance. Plants benefit by inducing pollinators to carry pollen from male to female flowers, and their sexual dimorphism might thus facilitate pollen movement through pollinator behavior. In two-choice experiments, pollinators frequently moved from male to female flowers, whereas computer simulation suggested that sexually dimorphic traits would evolve if pollinators changed behavior depending on the traits of the flowers they had just visited. These results suggest that the floral traits affecting the visiting order of pollinators have evolved in plants. Using E. japonica, we theoretically show that the induction of sequential behavior in pollinators might be crucial to the evolution of sexual dimorphism in flowers, and our experiments support these findings.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/40101
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-66525-5
Rights: © The Author(s) 2020. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/40101

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