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Expression and localisation of Rab44 in immune-related cells change during cell differentiation and stimulation

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Title: Expression and localisation of Rab44 in immune-related cells change during cell differentiation and stimulation
Authors: Tokuhisa, Mitsuko / Kadowaki, Tomoko / Ogawa, Kohei / Yamaguchi, Yu / Kido, Mizuho A. / Gao, Weiqi / Umeda, Masahiro / Tsukuba, Takayuki
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2020
Publisher: Springer Nature
Citation: Scientific Reports, 10(1), art.no.10728; 2020
Abstract: Rab44 is a large Rab GTPase that contains a Rab-GTPase domain and some additional domains, such as EF-hand and coiled-coil domains at the N-terminus. Our previous study showed that Rab44 negatively regulates osteoclast differentiation by modulating intracellular calcium levels; however, aside from those findings, there is little information concerning Rab44 on other cells or tissues. In this study, we showed that Rab44 was highly expressed in bone marrow cells among various mouse tissues. Immunohistochemical studies indicated that Rab44 was detectable by only a small number of cells in the immune-related tissues and that Rab44 was partially detected in CD117-positive cells, but not in Stem cell antigen 1-positive cells in the bone marrow. Rab44 expression levels were decreased during differentiation of immune-related cells, such as neutrophils, macrophages, and dendritic cells compared with bone marrow cells. Although endogenous Rab44 in macrophages was localised in lysosomes, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation led to partial translocation to early endosomes and the plasma membrane. Moreover, Rab44 expression levels were altered by treatment with various immunomodulators, including LPS. These results indicate that Rab44 expression and localisation in bone marrow cells and macrophages alters with cell differentiation and stimulation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/40137
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-67638-7
Rights: © 2020,The Author(s). Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license,and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/40137

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