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Phase 1 clinical study of cell therapy with effective-mononuclear cells (E-MNC) for radiogenic xerostomia (first-in-human study) (FIH study on E-MNC therapy for radiogenic xerostomia)


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Title: Phase 1 clinical study of cell therapy with effective-mononuclear cells (E-MNC) for radiogenic xerostomia (first-in-human study) (FIH study on E-MNC therapy for radiogenic xerostomia)
Authors: Sumita, Yoshinori / Iwamoto, Naoki / Seki, Makoto / Yoshida, Takako / Honma, Ryo / Iwatake, Mayumi / Ohba, Seigo / I, Takashi / Hotokezaka, Yuka / Harada, Hiroshi / Kuroshima, Shinichiro / Nagai, Kazuhiro / Asahara, Takayuki / Kawakami, Atsushi / Asahina, Izumi
Issue Date: 26-Jun-2020
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.
Citation: Medicine, 99(26), e20788; 2020
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Treatment for most patients with head and neck cancers includes ionizing radiation with or without chemotherapy. This treatment causes irreversible damage to salivary glands in the irradiation field accompanied by a loss of fluid-secreting acinar cells and a considerable decrease of saliva secretion. There is currently no adequate conventional treatment for this condition. In recent years, we developed an effective culture method to enhance the anti-inflammatory and vasculogenic phenotypes of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs), and such effectively conditioned PBMNC (E-MNC) therapy has shown promising improvements to the function of radiation-injured salivary glands in preclinical studies. However, the safety and effect of E-NMC therapy have yet assessed in human. The objective of this ongoing first-in-man study is to assess the safety, tolerability, and in part the efficacy of E-MNC therapy for treating radiation-induced xerostomia. METHODS/DESIGN: This phase 1 first-in-man study is an open-label, single-center, two-step dose escalation study. A total of 6 patients, who had no recurrence of head and neck cancer over 5 years following radiation therapy and suffered from radiation-induced xerostomia, will receive a transplantation of E-NMCs derived from autologous PBMNCs to a submandibular gland. The duration of the intervention will be 1 year. To analyze the recovery of salivary secretion, a gum test will be performed. To analyze the recovery of atrophic salivary glands, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of salivary glands will be conducted. The primary endpoint is the safety of the protocol. The secondary endpoints are the changes from baseline in whole saliva secretion and salivary gland atrophy. DISCUSSION: This will be the first clinical study of regenerative therapy using E-MNCs for patients with severe radiation-induced xerostomia. The results of this study are expected to contribute to developing the low-invasive cell-based therapy for radiation-induced xerostomia. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered with the Japan Registry of Clinical Trials (http://jrct.niph.go.jp) as jRCTb070190057.
Keywords: cell-based therapy / macrophage / peripheral blood mononuclear cells / xerostomia
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/40140
ISSN: 00257974
DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000020788
Rights: © 2020 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CCBY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/40140

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