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Comparative efficacy of antitumor necrosis factor agents and tacrolimus in naïve steroid-refractory ulcerative colitis patients

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Title: Comparative efficacy of antitumor necrosis factor agents and tacrolimus in naïve steroid-refractory ulcerative colitis patients
Authors: Kitayama, Moto / Akazawa, Yuko / Yoshikawa, Daisuke / Higashi, Shuntaro / Morisaki, Tomohito / Oda, Hidetoshi / Ikeda, Maho / Nakashima, Yujiro / Tabuchi, Maiko / Hashiguchi, Keiichi / Matsushima, Kayoko / Yamaguchi, Naoyuki / Kondo, Hisayoshi / Nakao, Kazuhiko / Takeshima, Fuminao
Issue Date: 27-Jul-2020
Publisher: Springer Nature
Citation: Scientific Reports, 10(1), art.no.12546; 2020
Abstract: While retrospective studies have compared the efficacy of anti–tumour necrosis factor (TNF) agents and tacrolimus (TAC) in ulcerative colitis (UC), information regarding first-time use of these agents is limited. The aim of our study was to investigate the short- and long-term efficacy of anti-TNF agents [adalimumab (ADA) and infliximab (IFX)] and TAC in anti-TNF agent- and TAC-naïve steroid-refractory UC patients. We evaluated 150 steroid-refractory UC patients receiving anti-TNF agents (IFX: n = 30, ADA: n = 41) or TAC (n = 79) at eight institutions in Japan. Clinical response rates at 8 weeks were 73.2% and 75.9% while remission rates were 30.1% and 25.3% in the anti-TNF and TAC groups, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed the male sex and higher C-reactive protein to be independent factors for response to anti-TNF agents and TAC, respectively. Use of TAC was an independent factor for relapse. No differences in response to the treatment or relapse were observed between IFX and ADA. In conclusion, TAC and anti-TNF agents promoted similar short-term effects, but anti-TNF agents ensured better long-term outcomes at first-time treatment of steroid-refractory UC patients.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/40158
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-68828-z
Rights: © The Author(s) 2020 Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/40158

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