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Effect of Dust Load on the Cloud Top Ice‐Water Partitioning Over Northern Middle to High Latitudes With CALIPSO Products


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Title: Effect of Dust Load on the Cloud Top Ice‐Water Partitioning Over Northern Middle to High Latitudes With CALIPSO Products
Authors: Kawamoto, Kazuaki / Yamauchi, Akira / Suzuki, Kentaroh / Okamoto, Hajime / Li, Jiming
Issue Date: 29-Jul-2020
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Citation: Geophysical Research Letters, 47(15), art.no.e2020GL088030; 2020
Abstract: We quantified effects of dust load on the cloud top ice cloud fraction (ICF) in terms of the dust extinction coefficient (σext). We analyzed 3-year data sets obtained from an active satellite sensor over middle to high latitudes in the northern hemisphere for temperatures (T)between 230 and 273 K and σext values between 0.005 and 0.145 km−1. At about 250 K, ICF changed by about 30% in response to the above range of σext, whereas at extreme T values, ICF was relatively insensitive to σext. Thus, we concluded that ICF was primarily determined by T,with substantial influence of σext at about 250 K, likely due to increased opportunities for freezing as σext increases. Sensitivity of ICF was the lowest both at the largest σext and lowest T and at the smallest σext and highest T, while it was the highest at about 0.03 km−1 of σext and about 250 K.If there are any physical parameters that influence the ICF except temperature (T), how much does this parameter influence ICF in a given T? Dust particles have been long known as efficient ice nucleating particles. Although previous studies suggested that more dust particles increased ICF, they did not use quantitative parameters of the dust amount, but less-quantitative indicators such as relative dust frequency. Therefore,we used the dust extinction coefficient (σext) as a quantitative parameter of dust amount and examined the relationship between the dust amount and ICF for T between 230 and 273 K. We observed the following phenomena from satellite data. At about 250 K, ICF substantially depended on σext likely due to increased opportunities for freezing as σext increases. However, at extreme T values, ICF was relatively insensitive to σext. Moreover, we found that sensitivity of ICF was the lowest both at the largest σext and lowest T and at the smallest σext and highest T, while it was the highest at about 0.03 km−1 of σext and about 250 K. These behaviors of the ICF sensitivity could be understood from characteristics of T (the lower, the easier for freezing) and σext (the larger, the easier for freezing).
Keywords: CALIPSO / cloud phase / dust / ice fraction
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/40222
ISSN: 00948276
DOI: 10.1029/2020GL088030
Rights: © 2020. The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modications or adaptations are made.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/40222

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