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Effects of tank shapes and aerations on survival, growth and swim bladder inflation of red seabream Pagrus major larvae

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Title: Effects of tank shapes and aerations on survival, growth and swim bladder inflation of red seabream Pagrus major larvae
Authors: Aung Naing Win / Yamazaki, Wataru / Sumida, Tetsuya / Hagiwara, Atsushi / Sakakura, Yoshitaka
Issue Date: 25-Aug-2020
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Aquaculture Reports, 18, art.no.100451; 2020
Abstract: This study aimed to seek for the optimal condition for small-scale larviculture of red seabream Pagrus major larvae. We examined the effects of tank shapes and aerations, which were assumed to influence the larval survival, growth and swim bladder inflation of P. major larvae. Seawater (50-l) was filled into three cylindrical (CT: 1.7 × 103 cm2 water surface area, 30 cm deep)and six rectangular (RT: 1.8 × 103 cm2 water surface area, 28 cm deep) tanks. One air stone with 100 ml/min aeration rate was set at the bottom center of three CT and RT (RT1AS), and two air stones with 50 ml/min aeration rate were set at the half bottom center of three RT (RT2AS). Five hundred eggs were distributed into each experimental tank. Rotifers were fed to larvae at 10 individuals/mL on 3 days post hatching (dph) and their distribution in tanks were measured. Survival rate at 14 dph in CT (54.7 ± 11.0 %) and RT1AS (55.3 ± 6.0 %) were significantly higher than that in RT2AS (29.6 ± 9.3 %, p < 0.05). However, the growth of larvae was not significantly different between tank shapes and aerators. Swimbladder inflation rates were not different between tank shapes and aerations, however, CT (58.9±28.3 %) showed lower trend (RT1AS 94.4±6.9 %, RT2AS 92.2±10.7 %). Rotifer distribution in tanks was higher at tank bottom (p < 0.05). Low flow regions were observed along the side walls of the tanks and bottom areas in CT and RT1AS due to a single-pair vortex system and formed at the center (between air stones) and from the air stone to the tank walls in RT2AS due to two single-pair vortex systems. These low-flow areas were coincided with higher rotifer distribution areas at the tank bottom indicating that measuring rotifer density can estimate the flow in a tank. We recommend the rectangular tank with one air stone system for red seabream larvae.
Keywords: Aeration / Flow field / Red seabream / Survival / Tank shape
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/40232
ISSN: 23525134
DOI: 10.1016/j.aqrep.2020.100451
Rights: © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/40232

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