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NAOSITE : Nagasaki University's Academic Output SITE > Institute of Tropical Medicine > Bulletin > Tropical medicine > Volume 19, No. 3/4 >


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Title: ケニアの臨床材料より分離された細菌の種類とその薬剤感受性
Other Titles: Bacterial species and its drug sensitivity isolated from clinical materials in Kenya
Authors: 猿渡, 勝彦 / 中島, 茂宏 / 那須, 勝 / 糸賀, 敬 / 中富, 昌夫 / 原, 耕平 / 原田, 尚紀 / 内藤, 達郎
Authors (alternative): Sawatari, Katsuhiko / Nakashima, Shigehiro / Nasu, Masaru / Itoga, Takashi / Nakatomi, Masao / Hara, Kohei / Harada, Takanori / Naito, Tatsuro
Issue Date: 28-Dec-1977
Publisher: 長崎大学熱帯医学研究所 / Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University
Citation: 熱帯医学 Tropical medicine 19(3・4). p147-156, 1977
Abstract: Isolation rate and species of bacteria isolated at the bacteriology section of Rift Valley Provincial General Hospital, Nakuru, Kenya in 1974 were studied in comparison with those of Nagasaki University Hospital in the same year. Following results were obtained: 1) Eight hundred and eighty eight specimens except feces of Kenya were compared with 2659 specimens of Nagasaki (Univ. Hosp.). In regard to gram positive bacteria, β-streptococcus was isolated highly in Kenya, on the other hand, Streptococcus fecalis was isolated lower in frequency than in Japan. In regard to gram negative bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter, Proteus vulgaris and Serratia liquefaciens, which are interested as the causative organisms of the endogenous infections in Japan, were not isolated at all, and isolation rates of Klebsiella aerogenes, Enterobacter and Serratia marcescens were also lower than that of Japan, It was considered to be interesting that these results showed the difference of clinical manifestation of infections between Kenya and Japan. 2) Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis were frequently isolated from the blood and Pseudomonas, Proteus and Acinetobacter were isolated in low frequency in Kenya. From the sputum, β-streptococcus was isolated in high frequency and Staphylococcus epidermidis, Haemophilus and Klebsiella were isolated in low frequency in Kenya in comparison with that of Japan. 3) Eighteen Shigella and eleven Salmonella typhi were isolated from the stool of the patients with the complaint of diarrhea in Kenya. Shigella sonnei were isolated most frequently in two countries in comparison with the statistics of the municipal commuicable diseases hospitals in Japan in 1974. Although Shigella flexneri II was isolated in Japan frequently, S. flexneri IV was isolated more in Kenya. Shigella isolated in Kenya were highly sensitive to almost all the drugs tested.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/4227
ISSN: 03855643
Type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
Appears in Collections:Volume 19, No. 3/4

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/4227

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