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Health System for Dengue Control in Singapore


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タイトル: Health System for Dengue Control in Singapore
著者: Chan, Yow-Cheong / Goh, Kee-Tai / Tan, Boon-Teng / Heng, Bee-Hoon
発行日: 1994年 3月31日
出版者: 長崎大学熱帯医学研究所 / Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University
引用: 熱帯医学 Tropical medicine 35(4). p309-314, 1994
抄録: Dengue fever/dengue haemorrhagic fever (DF/DHF) first appeared in Singapore in an outbreak in 1960. In 1966, the Ministry of Health established the Vector Control Unit which was charged with the responsibility of controlling the dengue vector mosquitoes, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. The Unit immediately launched an Aedes control programme based on source reduction and public health education. To obtain reliable statistics on disease incidence, DF/DHF was made administratively notifiable in 1966, and finally, legally notifiable in 1977. It was also recognized early in the control programme that long-term and active participation by the community was essential for its implementation. A new legislation called the Destruction of Disease-Bearing Insects Act was thus enacted in 1968. The Act empowers vector control officers to enter and examine houses for mosquito breeding, to take appropriate control measures, and to serve offenders with orders and summonses which carry a fine or imprisonment by the court. With the new legislation in force, the Aedes control programme adopted an integrated approach of source reduction, public health education and law enforcement. When the new Ministry of the Environment was formed in 1972 to take over the responsibility of environmental health, its Vector Control and Research Department and the Quarantine & Epidemiology Department became responsible for the surveillance and control of DF/DHF in the country. Surveillance of disease incidence and Aedes vectors is important in the prevention and control of DF/DHF outbreaks. Disease surveillance is conducted by officers of the Quarantine & Epidemiology Department based on notifications on clinically diagnosed cases as well as on the number of blood specimens submitted by hospitals, clinics, and private practitioners to the Virology Division of the Department of Pathology in the Ministry of Health and the Department of Microbiology of the National University of Singapore for laboratory confirmation of dengue infection. Aedes surveillance depends on regular surveys of mosquito larvae and adults in designated DF/DHF-sensitive areas. In addition to destruction of breeding habitats, fogging is carried out when the Aedes house index is 2% and above, or when a potential outbreak situation arises such as the occurrence of a focus of two or more DF/DHF cases in an area.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/4658
ISSN: 03855643
資料タイプ: Departmental Bulletin Paper
出現コレクション:第35巻 第4号

引用URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/4658

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