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Seroepidemiological Survey of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infections among The Hill Tribes in Northern Thailand


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タイトル: Seroepidemiological Survey of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infections among The Hill Tribes in Northern Thailand
著者: Toriyama, Kan / Yousukh, Amnat / Jiviriyawat, Yupa / Jutavijittum, Prapan / Vanittanakom, Pramote / Kusuda, Masako / Itakura, Hideyo
発行日: 1996年 6月30日
出版者: 長崎大学熱帯医学研究所 / Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University
引用: 熱帯医学 Tropical medicine 38(2). p79-86, 1996
抄録: We report the results of seroepidemiological survey of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among the Karen, La-Wah and Lahu-Na, designated as the hill tribes, in northern Thailand. Some of these hill tribes are living in the remote and isolated mountain areas, settling their own communities. Anti-HIV seropositive cases were found only in the Lahu-Na (2.6%). The highest incidence of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBs-Ag) positive was found in the Karen (13.2%), followed by the Lahu-Na (2.6%) and the La-Wah (1.7%). The highest incidence of anti-Hepatitis C virus antibody (anti-HCV) positive was found in the La-Wah (3.3%), followed by the Karen and the Lahu-Na (2.6%, respectively). Two out of nine anti-HCV positive cases were from seven and 11 year-old Karenean girls, who had no previous history of surgery, blood transfusion, intravenous medication, vaccination and dental therapy. These results suggest that HIV infections have not yet reached to the hill tribes, except the Lahu-Na. One of the possible transmission routes of HCV infection is a vertical or intrahhousehold infection among the hill tribes in northern Thailand.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/4728
ISSN: 03855643
資料タイプ: Departmental Bulletin Paper
出現コレクション:第38巻 第2号

引用URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/4728

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