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MALARIA ENDEMIC PATTERNS ON LOMBOK AND SUMBAWA ISLANDS, INDONESIA


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タイトル: MALARIA ENDEMIC PATTERNS ON LOMBOK AND SUMBAWA ISLANDS, INDONESIA
著者: yoes p. dachlan / subagyo yotopranoto / bariah v. sutanto / sri h. b. santoso / anni s. widodo / kusmartisnawati / agus sutanto / i. k. komang gerudug / Takagi, Masahiro / Tsuda, Yoshio / Tanabe, Kazuyuki / Kawamoto, Fumihiko / Yoshinaga, Kazumi / Kanbara, Hiroji
発行日: 2005年 9月
出版者: 日本熱帯医学会 / The Japanese Society of Tropical Medicine
引用: Tropical Medicine and Health Vol. 33 No. 2, 2005, pp. 105-113
抄録: Nusa Tengara Barat (NTB) province consists of two main islands, Lombok and Sumbawa, to the east of Bali Island, Indonesia. Most of the area is known to be moderately malaria endemic, but the exact malaria epidemiology has not been elucidated. At least 30 deaths per year are thought to be caused by falciparum malaria in Lombok alone, judging from the hospital data. According to the Gebrak Malaria Team in West Lombok, the annual incidence in the district of West Lombok from 1996 to 1999 was consistently over 40‰. In the present report, we describe the small malaria endemic foci in the West Lombok and Sumbawa districts. Falciparum malaria is predominant over vivax malaria and other types of malaria. There are 11 species of Anopheles vector, but three of these species, An. subpictus, An. maculates and An. barbirostris, are of primary importance in malaria transmission and An. sundaicus and An. aconitus are of secondary importance. Our data from Sekotong, West Lombok, and Sumbawa supported the importance of An. subpictus in coastal areas but suggested the existence of different transmission peaks according to environmental conditions. The usual transmission peak comes in the dry season but is affected by climatic and geographical conditions. Although there were many malaria endemic foci along the coast, the width and grade of the foci varied widely. The presence of malaria endemic foci inland, although likely, has not been definitively reported to date.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/5664
ISSN: 13488945
関連リンク : http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/tmh/33/2/105/_pdf/-char/ja/
権利: Copyright(c) 2005 by The Japanese Society of Tropical Medicine
資料タイプ: Journal Article
原稿種類: publisher
出現コレクション:120 学術雑誌論文

引用URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/5664

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