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Phytogeography and ecology of Scalesia (Compositae) endemic to the Galapagos Islands


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Title: Phytogeography and ecology of Scalesia (Compositae) endemic to the Galapagos Islands
Other Titles: ガラパゴス諸島固有属スカレシアの分布と生態
Authors: Itow, Syuzo
Authors (alternative): 伊藤, 秀三
Issue Date: Jan-1995
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
Citation: Pacific Science 49(1) p.17-30 1995
Abstract: Scalesia (Compositae), a genus endemic to the Galipagos Islands,consists of 12 shrubby species distributed in the lowland dry zone and three tree species found in the mid-elevation moist zone. They are completely allopatric in distribution. All the species have herbaceous traits: fast growth, soft wood, large pith at the center of trunk, and flowering within 1 yr after germination (in greenhouse). The tree species Scalesia pedunculata Hook. f. is shade-intolerant and heliophdous, and predominates as a monoculture in the moist zone of the four larger hlgh-elevation islands. In ecological succession, it functions as pioneer, successor, and climax canopy plant. Even at climax or maturity of this monodominant forest, the canopy is not accompanied by young generations beneath owing to its shade-intolerance. The canopy population of postmature forest dies back nearly synchronously. A new generation then develops to build new forest. The progression from germination to maturity, and further to senescence and die back, is a self-cyclic succession, without change of dominant species. Over much of its range, S. pedunculata is endangered by the effects of past agricultural exploitation or heavy browsing by free-ranging goats, pigs, and donkeys; however, the population on the north side of Isla Santa Cruz has been preserved in good condition in the Galipagos National Park.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/6478
ISSN: 00308870
Rights: © by University of Hawaii Press
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/6478

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