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長崎県におけるイカ釣り漁業の戦後展開


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Title: 長崎県におけるイカ釣り漁業の戦後展開
Authors: 片岡, 千賀之
Authors (alternative): Kataoka, Chikashi
Issue Date: Mar-2002
Publisher: 長崎大学水産学部
Citation: 長崎大学水産学部研究報告 v.83 p.33-58 , 2002
Abstract: This paper has continued from the Development of Squid Fishery and its Processsing in Nagasaki Prefecture before the World War Ⅱ on the previous issue of this bulletin. Contrary to the fishery in pre-World War Ⅱ, squid angling fishery has developed in the forms of boat-motorization, expansion of fishing grounds, introduction of electric light and automatic angling machines. The products of dried squid were shifted from exporting to China to supplying domestic consumption which was later also in fresh. Squid angling fishery in Nagasaki Prefecture is characterized as a low productivity due to the abundance of its small boats compared with that of the whole country, eliminating its position in terms of total squid capture which was challenged by the development of other fisheries. In addition, new processing methods besides dried squid did not appear in this prefecture. During a decade after the war, squid angling fishery and dried squid making was soon resumed with its former technology. Since the late of the 1950's, boat-motorization has been gradually improved in both quantity and quality of gear effectiveness, which led to the wining support from the government, and the new marketing channel of Nagasaki Fisheries Cooperative Federation has well developed since then. In the 1970's, with an increase of price and fresh fish demand, squid angling boats became much bigger embedded with automatic angling machines, and expanded their fishing grounds in the whole Japan Sea. The products were landed in fresh at ports nearby the fising ground. This industrial way, otherwise, has resulted in the loss of job such as sun-drying and its marketing within the fishing village. Since the 1980's, offshore squid angling fishery has been in a setback situation due to shortage of labour, oil crisis, and 200 miles restriction. The number of squid boats has declined especially middle and large boats in Nagasaki Prefecture, which are now no longer existed. The recent economic recession has compelled the small boats of less than 20 tons to reduce their activities, while squid angling fishery has been reorganized toward the total allowable catch system, regulation of lightening, and coastal operation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/6538
ISSN: 05471427
Type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:No. 83

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/6538

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