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タイトル: 戦前における長崎県のイカ釣り漁業とスルメ加工の展開
著者: 片岡, 千賀之
著者(別表記) : Kataoka, Chikashi
発行日: 2001年 3月
出版者: 長崎大学水産学部
引用: 長崎大学水産学部研究報告 v.82 p.147-169 , 2001
抄録: This paper describes the historical progress of squid fishery and it’s processing, which played an important role in the coastal fisheries by using small investment and low technology. Isolated and especially abundant resource areas of Nagasaki Prefecture is focused in the paper. Most of squid was captured by angling, processed in sun drying and then further exported to China. Before the World War II, squid industry was divided into four categories according to its period. (1) Feudal era: The shogunate designated dried squid as a barter commodity of Chinese trade at Nagasaki port, the only one trade port in that period. Most of dried squid was produced in Nagasaki area, and the maximum annual export was 30 tons. (2) Meiji era: Since there was a free trading policy, export of dried squid was remarkably increased and it’s risen price stimulated squid industry to produce more. It occurred in the manner of immigrants from other prefectures, an increasing of engaged fishermen, a technical progress in both fishing and processing, and a division of work. Production of dried squid increased up to 1,000 tons in the late of this period. (3) Taishou era: Squid industry reached the highest level before the World War II. Dried squid was produced between 1,500 - 3,000 tons. This situation was caused by an introduction of kerosene lamp, attractive high price during the World War I, and the availability of rich resources. (4) Shouwa era: Fishing boats became motorization and electric lamp was also introduced. In the meantime, the world economic recession and the Chinese boycott to buy Japanese goods against the continuous invasion of Japan resulted in diminishing of squid industry. The dried squid production was down to 550 - 1,300 tons while squid industry was controlled by the government during the wartime.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/6549
ISSN: 05471427
資料タイプ: Departmental Bulletin Paper
原稿種類: publisher

引用URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/6549



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