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法政策を分析する基準の検討 : 「Fairness」(公正,正義)基準と「Welfare」(社会的効用)基準との対比


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タイトル: 法政策を分析する基準の検討 : 「Fairness」(公正,正義)基準と「Welfare」(社会的効用)基準との対比
その他のタイトル: What Criteria Ought to Guide Legal Policy Making? : Fairness or Justice versus Welfare Economics
著者: 松永, 明
著者(別表記) : Matsunaga, Akira
発行日: 2004年 9月27日
引用: 經營と經濟. vol.84(2), p.177-198; 2004
抄録: Recently many efforts have been done to establish criteria for analyzing legal policy making in the academic field of Law and Economics. In this paper, first, I briefly analyze the thesis of Louis Kaplow & Steven Shavell 『Fairness versus Welfare』 (Harvard University Press (2002)) and demonstrate what criteria should be applied in evaluating legal policy making. And, I conclude the effectiveness of the view that policy making should be based exclusively on the effects of the 'Welfare' or 'aggregation of individuals' well-beings' but should not depend on the notions of 'Fairness' or 'Justice'. Then, I utilize framework of this thesis and evaluate the eligibility of free service in the Public Libraries. Public Libraries are now facing increasing demand for business database and quick reference service, and are considering whether they should charge fees to such 'special' services. I discuss this issue based on the criteria of 'Welfare,' which is traditional rationale of free service of public libraries, and conclude that charging fee will be able to be justified if and only if such services are 'special' and not ordinary services. However, it is quite difficult to divide which services are defined as 'special'.
キーワード: Legal Policy Making / Law and Economics / Welfare Economics versus Fairness or Justice / Public Library / Free Service versus Fee Based Service
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/6826
ISSN: 02869101
資料タイプ: Departmental Bulletin Paper
出現コレクション:第84巻 第2号

引用URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/6826

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