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Induction of Plasma Vitellogenin Synthesis by the Commercial Fish Diets in Male Goldfish (Carassius auratus) and Dietary Phytoestrogens

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Title: Induction of Plasma Vitellogenin Synthesis by the Commercial Fish Diets in Male Goldfish (Carassius auratus) and Dietary Phytoestrogens
Authors: Ishibashi, Hiroshi / Kobayashi, Makito / Koshiishi, Tomohiko / Moriwaki, Toshihisa / Tachibana, Katsuyasu / Tsuchimoto, Mutsuyosi / Soyano, Kiyoshi / Iguchi, Taisen / Mori, Chisato / Arizono, Koji
Issue Date: Oct-2002
Publisher: Pharmaceutical Society of Japan.
Citation: Journal of Health Science v.48(5) p.427-434, 2002
Abstract: In this study, we analyzed contents of phytoestrogens (genistein, daidzein, equol, and coumestrol) in two commercial fish diets [a diet for trout (TD) and a diet for ornamental carp (CD)] using Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy/Mass Spectroscopy (LC-MS/MS), and these contents were compared with that of a casein-based formulated fish diet (FD) which does not contain soya bean or fish meal. We also analyzed phytoestrogen contents in commercial infant casein- and soya bean-based diets. The contents of phytoestorogens were generally high in CD, TD, and soya milk, and low or non-detectable in FD and casein-based milks. Among these samples, CD showed the highest phytoestrogen contents: genistein, 390800 ng/g; daidzein, 416800 ng/g; coumestrol, 1325 ng/g; equol, 6.4 ng/g. We also determined the estrogenic activity of the fish diets using male goldfish by measuring plasma vitellogenin (VTG) levels as a biomarker of estrogen exposure. When male goldfish were fed one of these diets for 31 days, plasma VTG was detected in CD-fed fish (78.01 ± 48.18 μg/ml) and TD-fed fish (3.51 ± 3.83 μg/ml), whereas plasma VTG was not detected in FD-fed fish (less than 0.040 μg/ml). These results indicate that the commercial fish diets examined contain a large amount of phytoestrogens and showed estrogenic activity that were strong enough to induce VTG production in male goldfish. It is necessary to eliminate estrogenic substances other than test chemicals in the screening test system for estrogenic endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs). Since the formulated diet developed in the present study contain less phytoestrogens than the commercial fish diets and has low estrogenic activity, it is suggested that VTG production using male goldfish in combination with the low estrogen fish diet is a good in vivo system for evaluation of estrogenic effects of EDCs.
Keywords: endocrine-disrupting chemicals / estrogenic activity / vitellogenin / phytoestrogen / goldfish
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/8336
ISSN: 13449702
DOI: 10.1248/jhs.48.427
Relational Links: http://dx.doi.org/10.1248/jhs.48.427
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/8336

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