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新規投与形態に基づく肝臓内特定部位への薬物送達システムの開発


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Title: 新規投与形態に基づく肝臓内特定部位への薬物送達システムの開発
Other Titles: Development of Drug Delivery System Based on a New Administration Route for Targeting to the Speci?c Region in the Liver
Authors: 西田, 孝洋
Authors (alternative): Nishida, Koyo
Issue Date: Aug-2003
Publisher: 日本薬学会
Citation: YAKUGAKU ZASSHI v.123(8) p.681-689, 2003
Abstract: Development of drug delivery systems to achieve site-specific delivery or prolonged retention in the circulation has attracted attention, because new types of drugs are expected to be created with advances in life science and biotechnology such as the Human Genome Project. We have tried to develop a new administration route for drug targeting to the liver, since drug administration by the intravenous and oral routes makes it difficult to achieve a local site of action in the liver. Although direct application to the liver surface should result in local drug distribution, drug absorption from the liver surface has not been reported in the literature. Therefore we analyzed the absorption mechanism of several organic anions and dextrans with different molecular weights as model drugs, after application to the rat liver surface in vivo, employing a cylindrical diffusion cell. Every compound appeared gradually in the plasma, followed by excretion into the bile and/or urine, indicating the possibility of drug absorption from the liver surface. A specific transport system might not be involved in the absorption process from the liver surface, because the effect of dose and transport inhibitors on the absorption was not recognized. In addition, molecular weight was found to be a determining factor in absorption from the liver surface. The targeting efficacy was considerably enhanced by application to the liver surface, as compared with intravenous administration. Moreover, we have identified important physicochemical and pharmaceutical factors determining the absorption rate of a drug from the liver surface for clinical use. Consequently, drug application to the liver surface could improve availability in the desired site of a new drug such as bioactive compounds and genomic medicines, by combination with appropriate chemical and pharmaceutical formulation modifications.
Keywords: drug targeting / administration route / absorption / organ surface / physicochemical properties
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/8413
ISSN: 00316903
DOI: 10.1248/yakushi.123.681
PubMed ID: 12931664
Relational Links: http://dx.doi.org/10.1248/yakushi.123.681
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/8413

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